painting - Painting
Photograph by spbutterworthon Flickr.

Painters deal practically with pigments, so blue for a painter can be any of the blues: phtalocyan, Paris Painting blue, indigo, cobalt, ultramarine, and so on. Classical philosophers like Plato and Aristotle also theorized about art and painting in painting particular; Plato disregarded painters (as well as sculptors) in his philosophical system; he maintained that painting cannot depict the truth—it is a copy of reality (a shadow of the world of ideas) and is nothing but a craft, similar to shoemaking or iron casting.

Kant distinguished between Beauty and the Sublime, in terms that clearly gave priority to the former. From the mid to late 19th century, photographic processes improved and, as it became more widespread, painting lost much of its historic purpose to provide an accurate record of the observable world.

It can also refer to the movement or school that an artist is associated with. For a painter, color is not simply divided into basic and derived (complementary or mixed) colors (like, red, blue, green, brown, etc.).

Rhythm is basically a pause incorporated into a body (sequence). Paintings may have for their support such surfaces as walls, paper, canvas, wood, glass, lacquer, clay or concrete.

Psychological, symbolical meanings of color are not strictly speaking means of painting. In art, the term describes both the act and the result, which is called a painting.

The distribution of form, or any kind of information is of crucial importance in the given work of art and it directly affects the esthetical value of that work. This has not deterred the majority of living painters from continuing to practice painting either as whole or part of their work.

The analogy with music is quite clear—sound in music (like C ) is analogous to light in painting, shades to dynamics, and coloration is to painting as specific timbre of musical instruments to music—though these do not necessarily form a melody, but can add different contexts to it. Rhythm is important in painting as well as in music. Eastern and African painting, however, continued a long history of stylization and did not undergo an equivalent transformation at the same time. Modern and Contemporary Art has moved away from the historic value of craft and documentation in favour of concept; this led some to say in the 1960s that painting, as a serious art form, is dead.

They are engraved and painted using red ochre and black pigment and show horses, rhinoceros, lions, buffalo, mammoth or humans often hunting. Some modern painters incorporate different materials such as sand, cement, straw or wood for their texture.

the freedom (of movement) of perception is perceived as beauty. For example, a painter perceives that a particular white wall has different intensity at each point, due to shades and reflections from nearby objects, but ideally, a white wall is still a white wall in pitch darkness.

In the East, ink and color ink historically predominated the choice of media with equally rich and complex traditions. Aesthetics is the study of art and beauty; it was an important issue for such 18th and 19th century philosophers as Kant or Hegel. Thus, the basic means of painting are distinct from ideological means, such as geometrical figures, various points of view and organization (perspective), and symbols.

Free flow of energy, in art as well as in other forms of techne , directly contributes to the esthetical value. Modern artists have extended the practice of painting considerably to include, for example, collage, which began with Cubism and is not painting in the strict sense. Moreover the use of language is only a generalisation for a color equivalent.

The word style in the latter sense has fallen out of favor in academic discussions about contemporary painting, though it continues to be used in popular contexts. Archaeologists have also found a fragment of rock painting preserved in a limestone rock-shelter in the Kimberley region of North-Western Australia, that is dated 40 000 years old.

By the time of Leonardo painting had become a closer representation of the truth than painting was in Ancient Greece. Drawing, composition or abstraction and other aesthetics may serve to manifest the expressive and conceptual intention of the practitioner.

Therefore, painter, do not make the boundaries pronounced at a distance. What enables painting is the perception and representation of intensity. In the lowest layer of material at these sites there are used pieces of ochre estimated to be 60,000 years old.

Although he did not refer particularly to painting, this concept was taken up by painters such as Turner and Caspar David Friedrich. Hegel recognized the failure of attaining a universal concept of beauty and in his aesthetic essay wrote that Painting is one of the three romantic arts, along with Poetry and Music for its symbolic, highly intellectual purpose. This can stem from an actual group that the artist was consciously involved with or it can be a category in which art historians have placed the painter.

There began a series of art movements into the 20th century where the Renaissance view of the world was steadily eroded, through Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism and Dadaism. Paintings may be decorated with gold leaf, and some modern paintings incorporate other materials including sand, clay, and scraps of paper. Painting is a mode of expression and the forms are numerous.

Every point in space has different intensity, which can be represented in painting by black and white and all the gray shades between. Such movements or classifications include the following : Far eastern Islamic/Persian / Near eastern Indian Aesthetics of music · Applied aesthetics · Architecture · Art · Arts criticism · Gastronomy · History of aesthetics (pre-20th-century) · History of painting · Humour · Literary merit · Mathematics and art · Mathematical beauty · Painting · Philosophy of film · Philosophy of music · Poetry · Sculpture · Theory of painting · Tragedy · Aesthetic emotions · Art manifesto · Art object · Avant-garde · Beauty · Boring · Comedy · Camp · Creativity · Cute · Discordant · Disgusting · Ecstasy · Elegance · Eroticism · Entertainment · Fun · Gaze · Harmony · Interpretation · Judgment · Kitsch · Perception · Pretentious · Rasa · Style · Sublime · Taste · more. Symbolism · Romanticism · Historicism · Classicism · Modernism · Postmodernism · Psychoanalytic theory · more. .

Examples of this are the works of Jean Dubuffet and Anselm Kiefer. However the earliest evidence of painting has been discovered in two rock-shelters in Arnhem Land, in northern Australia.

Leonardo da Vinci, on the contrary, said that Pittura est cousa mentale (painting is a thing of the mind). Kandinsky in his essay maintains that painting has a spiritual value, and he attaches primary colors to essential feelings or concepts, something that Goethe and other writers had already tried to do. Iconography is the study of the content of paintings, rather than their style.

Erwin Panofsky and other art historians first seek to understand the things depicted, then their meaning for the viewer at the time, and then analyse their wider cultural, religious, and social meaning. In 1890, the Parisian painter Maurice Denis famously asserted: Remember that a painting – before being a warhorse, a naked woman or some story or other – is essentially a flat surface covered with colors assembled in a certain order. In Mirror of The World Bell writes: ‘A work of art seeks to hold your attention and keep it fixed: a history of art urges it onwards, bulldozing a highway through the homes of the imagination.’ Different types of paint are usually identified by the medium that the pigment is suspended or embedded in, which determines the general working characteristics of the paint, such as viscosity, miscibility, solubility, drying time, etc. Examples include: Style is used in two senses: It can refer to the distinctive visual elements, techniques and methods that typify an individual artist s work. These pauses allow creative force to intervene and add new creations—form, melody, coloration.

Some painters, theoreticians, writers and scientists, including Goethe, Kandinsky, Newton, have written their own color theory. Black is associated with mourning in the West, but in the East, white is.

The word red , for example, can cover a wide range of variations on the pure red of the visible spectrum of light. In practice, painters can articulate shapes by juxtaposing surfaces of different intensity; by using just color (of the same intensity) one can only represent symbolic shapes.

The vitality and versatility of painting in the 21st century belies the premature declarations of its demise. In technical drawing, thickness of line is also ideal, demarcating ideal outlines of an object within a perceptual frame different from the one used by painters. Color and tone are the essence of painting as pitch and rhythm are of music.

Paintings can be naturalistic and representational (as in a still life or landscape painting), photographic, abstract, be loaded with narrative content, symbolism, emotion or be political in nature. A portion of the history of painting in both Eastern and Western art is dominated by spiritual motifs and ideas; examples of this kind of painting range from artwork depicting mythological figures on pottery to Biblical scenes rendered on the interior walls and ceiling of The Sistine Chapel, to scenes from the life of Buddha or other scenes of eastern religious origin. The boundary of things in the second plane will not be discerned like those in the first. There is not a formalized register of different colors in the way that there is agreement on different notes in music, such as C or C♯ in music.

In an epoch characterized by the idea of pluralism, there is no consensus as to a representative style of the age. Colors only add to the potential, derived context of meanings, and because of this the perception of a painting is highly subjective.

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface (support base). Important works of art continue to be made in a wide variety of styles and aesthetic temperaments, the marketplace being left to judge merit. Among the continuing and current directions in painting at the beginning of the 21st century are Monochrome painting, Hard-edge painting, Geometric abstraction, Appropriation, Hyperrealism, Photorealism, Expressionism, Minimalism, Lyrical Abstraction, Pop Art, Op Art, Abstract Expressionism, Color Field painting, Neo-expressionism, Collage, Intermedia painting, Assemblage painting, Computer art painting, Postmodern painting, Neo-Dada painting, Shaped canvas painting, environmental mural painting, traditional figure painting, Landscape painting, Portrait painting, and paint-on-glass animation. The oldest known paintings are at the Grotte Chauvet in France, claimed by some historians to be about 32,000 years old.

This is because the esthetical value is functionality dependent, i.e. Color is highly subjective, but has observable psychological effects, although these can differ from one culture to the next.

Therefore, painter, do not produce boundaries between the first and the second, because the boundary of one object and another is of the nature of a mathematical line but not an actual line, in that the boundary of one colour is the start of another colour and is not to be accorded the status of an actual line, because nothing intervenes between the boundary of one colour which is placed against another. (There is a growing community of artists who use computers to paint color onto a digital canvas using programs such as Adobe Photoshop, Corel Painter, and many others.

There are examples of cave paintings all over the world—in France, Spain, Portugal, China, Australia, India etc. In Western cultures oil painting and watercolor painting are the best known media, with rich and complex traditions in style and subject matter. These images can be printed onto traditional canvas if required.) In 1829, the first photograph was produced.