Spray painting

painting - Spray painting
Photograph by Franck Réthoréon Flickr.

The shape of the workpiece and the desired paint consistency and pattern are important factors when choosing a nozzle. The Spray painting paint is then attracted to the object giving a more even coat than wet spray painting, and also increasing the painting percentage of paint that sticks to the object.

The metal disc also imparts an electrical charge to the coating particle. There are a variety of hand-held paint sprayers that either combine the paint with air, or Early Netherlandish painting convert the paint to tiny droplets and accelerate these out a nozzle. These use air pressure and fluid pressure 300 to 3,000 pounds per Spray painting square inch (2,100–21,000 kPa) to achieve atomization of the coating. A higher volume (HV) of air is used to aerosolise and propel the paint at lower air pressure.

When the material is directly below the guns, the guns begin to paint the material. The whole is then baked to Spray painting properly attach the paint: the powder turns into a type of plastic.

Some electric airless sprayers are fitted with a compressor to allow the use of an air assisted airless gun in situations where portability is important. These operate connected to a high pressure pump commonly found using 300 Spray painting to 7,500 pounds per square inch (2,100–52,000 kPa) pressure to atomize the coating, using different tip sizes to achieve desired atomization and spray pattern size. It is typically used for covering large surfaces with an even coating of liquid.

Spray guns can be either automated or hand-held and have Spray painting interchangeable heads to allow for different spray patterns. This process occurs when paint is applied to an object through the use of an air-pressurized spray gun. The object being painted is usually placed on rollers or a turntable to ensure overall equal coverage of all sides. This is similar to a conventional spray gun using a compressor to supply the air, but the spray gun itself requires a lower pressure (LP).

When the trigger is pressed the paint mixes with the compressed air stream and is released in a fine spray. Due to a wide range of nozzle shapes and sizes, the consistency of the paint can be varied. This method also means that paint covers hard to reach areas.

This equipment provides high transfer and increased application speed and is most often used with flat-line applications in factory finish shops. The fluid pressure is provided by an airless pump, which allows much heavier materials to be sprayed than is possible with an airspray gun. This type of system is used by contract painters to paint heavy duty industrial, chemical and marine coatings and linings. Advantages of airless spray are: Most coatings can be sprayed with very little thinner added, thereby reducing drying time and decreasing the release of solvent into the environment. Manufacturers who mass-produce wood products use automated spray systems, allowing them to paint materials at a very high rate with a minimum of personnel.

These machines are commonly used to apply stain, sealer, and lacquer. Air gun spraying uses equipment that is generally larger.

and delivers the stream of paint from that position. The object being painted is charged oppositely or grounded.

They can apply water- or solvent-based coatings. Compressed air is introduced into the spray from an airless tip (nozzle)to improve the fineness of atomisation.

The result is a higher proportion of paint reaching the target surface with reduced overspray, materials consumption, and air pollution. Commonly, linear spray systems are for products which are on are laying flat on a conveyor belt and then fed into a linear spray system, where automated spray guns are stationed above.

The air gun has a nozzle, paint basin, and air compressor. A regulator is often required so that the air pressure from a conventional compressor can be lowered for the HVLP spray gun.

Spray guns are aligned above the material and the guns are in motion in order to hit all the grooves of the material. Flatline machines are designed to specifically paint material that is less than 4 inches (10 cm) thick and complex in shape, for example a kitchen cabinet door or drawer front.

In recent years ultraviolet-cured coatings have become commonplace in profile finishing, and there are machines particularly suited to this type of coating. Mass produced material is loaded on a conveyor belt where it is fed into one of these flatline machines. This is a further effort at increasing the transfer efficiency (amount of coating that ends up on the target surface) of spray guns, while decreasing the amount of compressed air consumption. The atomized particles are made to be electrically charged, thereby repelling each other and spreading themselves evenly as they exit the spray nozzle.

Jules Olitski, Dan Christensen, Peter Reginato, Sir Anthony Caro, and Jean-Michel Basquiat have used airbrushes, for both painting and sculpture. . Car body panels and bike frames are two examples where electrostatic spray painting is often used. There are three main technologies for charging the fluid (liquid or powders): With this method the paint is flung into the air by a spinning metal disc ( bell ).

The guns can be moved in a cycle, circle, or can be moved back and forth in order to apply paint evenly across the material. Materials consist of lineal parts usually less than 12 inches (30 cm) wide, such as window frames, wood moulding, baseboard, casing, trim stock and any other material that is simple in design.

The most common types employ compressed gas—usually air—to atomize and direct the paint particles. Flatline systems are typically large and can paint doors, kitchen cabinets, and other plastic or wooden products. One application of spray painting is graffiti, which is a kind of public art.

HVLP spray systems are used in the automotive, marine, architectural coating, furniture finishing, and cosmetic industries. Like HVLP, these spray guns also operate at a lower pressure (LP), but they use a low volume (LV) of air when compared to conventional and HVLP equipment. Spray painting has also been used in fine art.

Spray painting is a painting technique where a device sprays a coating (paint, ink, varnish, etc.) through the air onto a surface. The three most common nozzles are the full cone, hollow cone, and flat stream.

Alternatively a turbine unit (commonly containing a vacuum cleaner derived motor) can be used to propel the air without the need for an air line. A rule of thumb puts two thirds of the coating on the substrate and one third in the air. Automated spray systems usually incorporate a paint-saving system which recovers paint not applied to the products.

Spray guns evolved from airbrushes, and the two are usually distinguished by their size and the size of the spray pattern they produce. Airbrushes are hand-held and used instead of a brush for detailed work such as photo retouching, painting nails or fine art.

The introduction of cheap spray paint has been a boon to this art form, which has been spreading all over the world. True HVLP guns use 8–20 cfm (13.6–34 m3/hr), and an industrial compressor with a minimum of 5 horsepower (3.7 kW) output is required.